After the obstacles to mobility had been published in 1996 by the EU Commission, the Ministers of Education from the G8 countries, having regard to the Erasmus programme, made a committment in spring 2000 to doubling the mobility of students, teaching staff, researchers and administration staff in the education sector by 2010.

This was consolidated with the decision by the EU Heads of State and Government in the same year to make an action plan, in order to promote the recognition of educations abroad as well as the participation in voluntary services.


Apart from the commitment made by the European Council in Lissabon in March 2000 to make the European Union „the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world“, the European Council in Barcelona in 2002 confirmed this intention with the specific aim to make European education and training systems a world quality reference by 2010.

It also includes the goal „to create a European area of lifelong learning” as decided by the Commission in November 2001. This shall be ensured by an increased investment in people and their knowledge, as well as promoting the accquisition of basic skills and more innovative and flexible forms of learning.

The aim is to provide people of all age groups with equal and open access to high-quality learning opportunities, and to a variety of learning experiences, throughout Europe.